Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.207, 672-687, 2019
Experimental and numerical study of cavitation flows in venturi tubes: From CFD to an empirical model
This work is devoted to experimental and numerical studies of cavitation phenomena in Venturi tubes with different geometries. A two-phase mixture model has been validated against experimental data. The numerical results showed good agreement with the experimental data. Experimental studies have been carried out for two different Venturi tubes with convergent angles of 19 degrees and 45 degrees, respectively. The effect of the convergent angle on the cavitation performance was investigated experimentally and numerically. Both the numerical and experimental studies reveal that the change in the convergent angle has significant effects on flow characteristics and the generation of cavitation. It was shown that a 45 degrees convergent angle enhances cavitation in comparison with 19 degrees angle. A scaled-up study of the Venturi geometry has been conducted using CFD-based numerical simulations. Finally, a semi-empirical model enabling the prediction of cavitation in Venturi tubes has been developed and validated. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.