Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.103, No.21-22, 9067-9076, 2019
Effects of sialylated lactulose on the mouse intestinal microbiome using Illumina high-throughput sequencing
Sialylated oligosaccharides are known to have beneficial effects, such as increasing the level of bifidobacteria, reducing the levels of blood endotoxin and blood ammonia, and enhancing the body's immune system. However, it is unknown whether sialylated lactuloses have modulatory effects on the intestinal microbiota. In this study, 60 healthy mice were randomly divided into six groups, namely, a normal control group, a lactulose group, a Kdn-alpha 2,3-lactulose group, a Kdn-alpha 2,6-lactulose group, a Neu5Ac-alpha 2,3-lactulose group, and a Neu5Ac-alpha 2,6-lactulose group. After 14 days of lactulose administration, the feces of three mice from each group were collected, and the intestinal microbiota were detected by Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing targeting the V3-V4 region of the 16S rDNA gene. At the phylum level, the relative abundance of Firmicutes was increased in the sialylated lactulose groups, while the abundance of Bacteroidetes was decreased. At the family level, sialylated lactulose intervention decreased the relative abundance of Bacteroidales S24-7 group and Helicobacteraceae and enhanced the abundance of Lactobacillaceae, which reflects the modulatory effect of sialylated lactulose on intestinal microbiota. Diversity analysis indicated that the index of Chao was higher in the sialylated lactulose groups than in the normal control group, and the Shannon and Simpson diversity indices were higher in the Kdn alpha-2,6-lactulose group and the Neu5Ac-alpha 2,3-lactulose group than in the normal control group. The results of the intestinal microbiota sample composition indicated that there were differences between the sialylated lactulose groups and the normal control group. Thus, sialylated lactulose could be used as a functional food component with potential therapeutic applications in manipulating intestinal microbiota to exert beneficial effects on the host's health.