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Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol.586, 2019
Effect of carbon chain length on catalytic C-O bond cleavage of polyols over Rh-ReOx/ZrO2 in aqueous phase
Production of linear deoxygenated C4 (butanetriols, -diols, and butanols), C5 (pentanetetraols, -triols, -diols, and pentanols), and C6 products (hexanepentaols, -tetraols, -triols, -diols, and hexanols) is achievable by hydrogenolysis of erythritol, xylitol, and sorbitol over supported-bimetallic Rh-ReOx (Re/Rh molar ratio 0.5) catalyst, respectively. After validation of the analytical methodology, the effect of some reaction parameters was studied. In addition to C-O bond cleavage by hydrogenolysis, these polyols can undergo parallel reactions such as epimerization, cyclic dehydration, and C-C bond cleavage. The time courses of each family of linear deoxygenated C4, C5, and C6 products confirmed that the sequence of appearance of the different categories of deoxygenated products followed a multiple sequential deoxygenation pathway. The highest selectivity to a mixture of linear deoxygenated C4, C5, and C6 products at 80% conversion was favoured under high pressure in the presence of 3.7wt.%Rh-3.5wt.%ReOx/ZrO2 catalysts (54-71% under 80 bar) at 200 degrees C.