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Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol.587, 2019
CuSe2/CeO2 as a novel heterogeneous catalyst for reductive carbonylation of nitroarenes for generating urethanes
The reaction of CuCl2, SeO2, and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) under the CO pressure in methanol produce a black solid, which is identified as cupric diselenide, (CuSe2)-Se-II using various spectroscopic analyses. Impregnation of 5 wt% of CuSe2 onto CeO2 resulted in much more enhanced catalytic activity due to the uniform and highly dispersed particle. The reductive carbonylation of nitrobenzene (NB) as a model substrate has been examined in the presence of the CuSe2/CeO2 as a single component heterogeneous catalyst, which is found to exhibit excellent catalytic activity for generating methyl-N-phenyl carbamate (MPC) in a highly selective fashion. The effects of various reaction parameters such as temperature, pressure, and reaction time have been investigated. A plausible reaction mechanism using this cheap heterogeneous catalyst is also presented, especially invoking the importance of CuSe2(mu-CO) species.