Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.189, No.1, 65-75, 2019
Two-Step Pretreatment of Corn Stover Silage Using Non-ionic Surfactant and Ferric Nitrate for Enhancing Sugar Recovery and Enzymatic Digestibility of Cellulose
Corn stover silage (CSS) is regarded as a promising feedstock for bioethanol production. The two-step pretreatment using a sequential non-ionic surfactant and ferric nitrate pretreatment was investigated for improving the enzymatic hydrolysis of CSS. The first-step pretreatment using non-ionic surfactant (Tween-80, 2.0 wt.%) at 60 degrees C for 60 min achieved 30.48% the removal of lignin. Compared with the raw material, the cellulose content of first-step treated CSS increased by 15.86%. The second step using ferric nitrate resulted in 94.56% hemicellulose removal and achieved 72.53% cellulose purity at 130 degrees C for 30 min, while the yields of furfural and HMF were only 0.36 and 0.32 g/100 g dry material, respectively. The maximum enzymatic digestibility of the two-step treated CSS was 90.98% with a low cellulose dosage (15 FPU/g-glucan), which was approximately 32.07% higher than that of the first-step pretreatment only with Tween-80.