Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.10, 2276-2284, 2019
Experimental and CFD study on a cyclonic classifier with new flow pattern
Physical principle of conventional top-inlet classifier (CTC) with reverse-flow pattern leads to the heavily fine particles entrainment in coarse fraction. Present work concentrates on the flow-field design for less downward airflow at near-wall region of the classifier. A new middle-inlet classifier (NMC) is proposed and analyzed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method and powder classification experiments. The results showed that new flow pattern characterized by a pair of vortexes was created in the new classifier. The upper vortex with 80% of the total air volume moves upward and forms the washing effect at near-wall region, which effectively reduces the fine particles entrainment in coarse fraction. The downer vortex with reverse-flow pattern discharges the coarse particles timely. The radial centrifugal sedimentation combined with the axial counter-current washing effect dominates the particle classification in the NMC. Compared to the CTC, classification accuracy index of the NMC with double-vortex averagely increases by 27% with a pressure drop reduction of more than 38%. This work offers a new principle for high-efficiency particle classification and new strategy for improving the classification performance of turbo air classifiers and hydrocyclones. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.