Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.10, 2126-2138, 2019
Numerical simulation of solid-liquid mixing characteristics in a stirred tank with fractal impellers
The hydrodynamics of solid-liquid mixing process in a stirred tank with four pitched-blade impellers, fractal 1 impellers, and fractal 2 impellers were investigated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. An Eulerian-Eulerian approach, standard k-epsilon turbulence model, and multiple reference frames (MRF) technique were employed to simulate the solid-liquid two-phase flow, turbulent flow, and impeller rotation, respectively. The effects of impeller speed, impeller type, impeller spacing, impeller blade tilt angle, impeller blade shape, solid particle size and initial solid particle loading on the solid particle suspension quality were investigated. Results showed that the homogenous degree of solid-liquid system increased with the increase of impeller speed. The impeller spacing of T5/6 and T and impeller blade tilt angle of 60 degrees and 45 degrees were appropriate for the solid-liquid suspension process. Fractal shape impeller was more efficient than jagged shape impeller in solid-liquid mixing process. Larger particle diameter and higher initial solid particle loading resulted in less homogenous distribution of solid particles. It was found that fractal impeller could improve the solid particle suspension quality compared with four pitched-blade impeller under the same power consumption, increasingly so with the fractal iteration number of fractal impeller. Moreover, fractal impeller reduced the size of impeller trailing vortex and consumed less power consumption compared with four pitched-blade impeller at the same impeller speed, and the more the number of fractal iteration, the higher the impeller energy utilization rate of fractal impeller. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.