Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.10, 2083-2093, 2019
Synthesis of porous nanododecahedron Co3O4/C and its application for nonenzymatic electrochemical detection of nitrite
Porous nanododecahedron of Co3O4/C has been synthesized by calcination of the ZIF-67 in air at 400 degrees C and then be used as electrode material for fabricating a highly sensitive and low overpotential sensor of nitrite ion (NO2-). The structure and morphology characterization show that ZIF-67 behaves as an ideal sacrificial template for preparing Co3O4/C with regular shape. The two components of Co3O4 and carbon are uniformly distributed in the composite. Electrochemical analysis shows that the excellent electrocatalysis performance toward the oxidation of NO2- is based on the synergy of Co3O4 and carbon in the nanocomposite. At NO2- concentration from 2 nM to 8 mM, a fast response time within 3 s is revealed and 1.21 nM of detection limit is achieved. The sensor is also reliable to analysis of NO2- existed in the real samples of soil leaching liquid and macrophage supernate. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.