Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.10, 2032-2041, 2019
The preparation of surfactant-free highly dispersed ethylene glycol-based aluminum nitride-carbon nanofluids for heat transfer application
In the present study, aluminum nitride-carbon (AlN-C) nanocomposites are synthesized through a green, facile and inexpensive mechanochemical route. Well-dispersed nanofluids are prepared by milling of nanocomposite in ethylene glycol (EG) without using any surfactants/dispersants. The resulting nanofluids have an excellent stability with no obvious sedimentation for at least three months. The results confirm the in-situ polymerization of EG on AlN surface and the formation of hyperbranched glycerol upon milling which in turn stabilizes the particles through a steric effect. The working nanofluids with very low loadings of up to 0.22 vol% of powder exhibit an enhanced heat transfer coefficient (h) of about 24% compared to that of the base fluid in a laminar flow regime (Re = 160). Brownian motion and boundary layer thinning are known as the main mechanisms, causing for this enhancement. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.