Solid State Ionics, Vol.337, 170-177, 2019
Synthesis of nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanofibers as an anode material for high performance sodium-ion batteries
Novel nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanofibers (NP-CNFs) were prepared by carbonization of the CNFs@polydopamine composite. The NP-CNFs were served as the anode material for sodium-ion batteries, showing a superior reversible discharge capacity of 174 mAh g(-1) after 300 cycles at the current density of 50 mA g(-1). Even at a high current density of 2 A g(-1), a high reversible discharge capacity of 103 mAh g-1 can also be attained. Besides, even in the case of 500 mA g(-1), this work also observes the prominent cycling stability in the long term ( > 1200 cycles). These results suggest that the NP-CNFs electrode shows prominent electrochemical performance. Such prominent electrochemical performance of NP-CNFs electrode may be attributed to the synergetic effect between the nitrogen-doping and the porous structure. The capacity can be greatly increased by the nitrogen-doping, and the porous structured NP-CNFs can be sufficiently contacted with the electrolyte and promote the sodium ion/electrons transportation.