Science, Vol.365, No.6452, 2019
High thermoelectric cooling performance of n-type Mg3Bi2-based materials
Thermoelectric materials have a large Peltier effect, making them attractive for solid-state cooling applications. Bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3)-based alloys have remained the stateof- the-art room-temperature materials for many decades. However, cost partially limited wider use of thermoelectric cooling devices because of the large amounts of expensive tellurium required. We report n-type magnesium bismuthide (Mg3Bi2)-based materials with a peak figure of merit (ZT) of similar to 0.9 at 350 kelvin, which is comparable to the commercial bismuth telluride selenide (Bi2Te3-xSex) but much cheaper. A cooling device made of our material and p-type bismuth antimony telluride (Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3) has produced a large temperature difference of similar to 91 kelvin at the hot-side temperature of 350 kelvin. n-type Mg3Bi2-based materials are promising for thermoelectric cooling applications.