Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol.127, 23-35, 2019
Static and dynamic flame model effects on thermal buckling: Fixed-roof tanks adjacent to an ethanol pool-fire
Storage tank fires (such as pool-fires) often occur in the petrochemical tank farms. Flame pulsation is an important characteristic of the turbulent flames observed in pool-fires. Current cylindrical solid flame models inadequately predict the thermal radiation of pool-fires because of the ignorance of the flame pulsation effect. In this study, the thermal buckling behavior and fire resistance of a fixed-roof Q345 steel tank with a stepped thickness exposed to a neighboring ethanol pool-fire based on the flame pulsation model is numerically investigated. The influence of smoke generated by the combustion process which can reduce thermal radiation fluxes is taken into account. Geometric and material nonlinearity which considers nonlinear strain-displacement and stress-strain relation respectively is used on finite element analysis. Results show that the thermal buckling mode of the cylindrical tank wall is elastic buckling, and the thermal buckling behavior is non-linear. The fire resistance of the fixed-roof steel tank increases significantly as the vertical fire location increases, and the fire resistance decreases with the burning tank diameter increasing. Moreover, the fire resistance of the fixed-roof steel tank for a cylinder-cone combined flame based on the flame pulsation model is larger than that for a cylindrical flame. The study can be used to optimize the steel structure design of oil tanks for resisting pool-fires, and thus reduce the loss caused by fire accidents in tank farms. (C) 2019 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.