Particulate Science and Technology, Vol.37, No.5, 566-578, 2019
Mechanical and tribological properties of LM13/TiO2/MoS2 hybrid metal matrix composite synthesized by stir casting
This paper involves the fabrication of LM13/TiO2 (12 wt%)/MoS2 (3 wt%) hybrid metal matrix composite and unreinforced alloy using liquid metallurgy route and evaluation of mechanical properties and adhesive wear characteristics. Microstructural investigation revealed homogeneous distribution of reinforcements in matrix. Hardness and tensile properties revealed that the composite had attained an improvement of 16.5 and 35%, respectively, over alloy. Wear characteristics were analyzed using pin-on-disk tribometer by varying load (10-40 N), sliding velocity (1-4 m/s), and sliding distance (500-2000 m). Statistical analysis was performed using response surface methodology to obtain the optimum wear process parameters for achieving maximum wear resistance. Results revealed that, with increasing load and sliding velocity, an increment in wear rate was observed for both alloy and composite, while a decline was observed with increasing sliding distance for composite and vice versa for alloy. Worn surface analysis revealed that load plays a prominent role in deciding wear rate, followed by sliding velocity. Sliding distance had less effect on wear rate of composite while it had significance on alloy. This hybrid composite can replace the conventional material used in automotive applications involving tribological importance.