Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.141, No.26, 10324-10330, 2019
Harnessing Dielectric Confinement on Tin Perovskites to Achieve Emission Quantum Yield up to 21%
Tin perovskite nanomaterial is one of the promising candidates to replace organic lead halide perovskites in lighting applications. Unfortunately, the performance of tin-based systems is markedly inferior to those featuring toxic Pb salts. In an effort to improve the emission quantum efficiency of nanoscale 2D layered tin iodide perovskites through fine-tuning the electronic property of organic ammonium salts, we came to unveil the relationship between dielectric confinement and the photoluminescent properties of tin iodide perovskite nanodisks. Our results show that increasing the dielectric contrast for organic versus inorganic layers leads to a bathochromic shift in emission peak wavelength, a decrease of exciton recombination time, and importantly a significant boost in the emission efficiency. Under optimized conditions, a leap in emission quantum yield to a record high 21% was accomplished for the nanoscale thienylethylammonium tin iodide perovskite (TEA(2)SnI(4)). The as-prepared TEA(2)SnI(4) also possessed superior photostability, showing no sign of degradation under continuous irradiation (10 mW/cm(2)) over a period of 120 h.