화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.374, 58-65, 2019
Application of a novel bacterial consortium BDAM for bioremediation of bispyribac sodium in wheat vegetated soil
Plant-bacterial mutualism has tremendous potential for remediation of herbicide contaminated soils. Generally, bacterial inoculation helps plants to grow well in the contaminated environment. Here, we investigated the impact of bispyribac sodium (BS) degrading bacterial consortium (BDAM) on BS remediation, plant growth promotion and BS accumulation in plant parts. Wheat (Triticum aestivum) was planted in BS spiked soil and inoculated with BDAM. Inoculation showed a beneficial effect on plant biomass production and degradation of BS in the rhizosphere and the rhizosheath. After 40 and 60 days of inoculation, the degradation of BS was more than 96% and approximately 100% respectively in the planted and inoculated soil spiked with 2 and 5 mg kg(-1) BS. However, in planted and un-inoculated soil, the degradation of BS was 72% after 60 days of sowing. Furthermore, inoculated bacterial strains colonized both in rhizo- and endosphere of the inoculated plants. In comparison with the un-inoculated soil, significantly less accumulation of BS was found in the roots and shoots of the plants growing in inoculated soil. We report the efficiency of plant-bacterial partnership for enhanced biodegradation of BS and to eliminate the BS residual toxicity to non-target plants.