화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.377, 267-273, 2019
Simultaneous arsenic and fluoride removal using {201}TiO2-ZrO2: Fabrication, characterization, and mechanism
The coexistence of arsenic (As) and fluoride (F) in drinking water is an urgent environmental issue that causes increasing public concerns. The need for effective simultaneous removal of As and F has motived great research efforts. Herein, a novel (201}TiO2-ZrO2 composite was synthesized and its application mechanism was explored. Batch adsorption experiments show that the As(III), As(V), and F adsorption followed the pseudo-second order kinetics with the Langmuir adsorption capacity at 58.5, 21.6, and 13.1 mg/g, respectively. EXAFS and in situ ATR-FTIR results suggested that TiO2 surface sites were occupied by As(III) and As(V) in bidentate binuclear structures, and ZrO2 sites preferentially adsorbed As(III) and F in monodentate mononuclear configurations. This molecular structure obtained in the mono-adsorption system was integrated with the charge distribution multisite surface complexation model to accurately predict the As and F co-existing adsorption behaviors. The results in competitive adsorption, regeneration, and application evidenced that the {201}TiO2-ZrO2 composite is a promising adsorbent for simultaneous As and F removal.