Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol.33, No.18, 2031-2046, 2019
Effect of the Crosslinking Agent Content on the Emulsion Polymerization Process and Adhesive Properties of Poly(N-Butyl Acrylate-Co-Methacrylic Acid)
A series of poly(n-butyl acrylate-co-methacrylic acid) with different contents of acrylic crosslinking agent (1,4-butanediol dimethacrylate, BDDA) latexes, named as poly(BA-co-MAA-co-BDDA), PBMABD, were synthesized via a two-stage sequential emulsion polymerization. During the polymerization, the particle sizes of the PBMABD latexes and conversions including instantaneous conversion and overall conversion of monomers were monitored online by dynamic light scattering (DLS) technology and gravimetric analysis in half-hour intervals, respectively. The overall conversions at the end of emulsion polymerization with different crosslinking agent contents were high, and the latex particles grew in a spherical shape without secondary particles during the growth process. The adhesive properties, including loop tack force, peel force and shear resistance, were evaluated systematically according to Federation Internationale des Fabricants et Transformateurs d'Adhesifs et Thermocollants sur Papiers et Autres Supports (FINAT) test methods. When the content of the crosslinking agent was 0.5wt%, a best equilibrium among the adhesive properties could be achieved. The adhesive properties of the PBMABD polymer were closely related to its viscoelastic behaviour and molecular structure, such as gel content and various molecular weight parameters.