International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol.116, 51-66, 2019
A modified phase-field three-dimensional model for droplet impact with solidification
A modified phase-field three-dimensional model has been developed to simulate the spreading of an impacting droplet undergoing solidification. The model is based on the numerical solution of the Cahn-Hilliard equation coupled with the Navier-Stokes equations for fluid flow and the energy balance equation for heat transfer. The solidification profile is tracked by treating the latent heat as a source term in the energy equation, which is modified to work with the Cahn-Hilliard equation. To verify the model, five cases were tested and matched well with experiments. Also, the effect of thermal contact resistance on the maximum spread factor of a solidifying droplet is discussed. One case was taken from practical thermal spraying conditions where a solidifying ceramic droplet spreads on a cold surface at a supersonic impact velocity; computed results are consistent with available measurements. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.