International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.29, 15523-15535, 2019
Experimental study on the detonation propagation behaviors through a small-bore orifice plate in hydrogen-air mixtures
In this study, the regimes of detonation transmission through a single orifice plate were investigated systematically in a 6-m length and 90-mm inner diameter round tube. A series of experiments on the detonation propagation mechanisms in hydrogen-air mixtures were performed. A single obstacle with different orifice size (d) from 10 to 60 mm was adopted to study the effects of the induced perturbations on the detonation propagation. Here, the thickness of orifice plate (delta) was fixed at 10.33 mm. Detonation velocity was determined from the time-of-arrival (TOA) of the detonation wave recorded by eight high-speed piezoelectric pressure transducers (PCB102B06). Detonation cellular size was obtained by the smoked foil technique. The characteristic of detonation velocity evolution were quantitatively analyzed after it passes through a single obstacle, and particular attention was paid to the cases for which the blockage ratio (BR) is greater than 0.9, i.e., the cases of small hole diameter of d < 25 mm. The experimental results showed that, in a smooth tube, only super-critical condition and sub-critical condition can be observed. After the orifice plate is introduced into the tube, critical condition occurs. The detonation re-initiation with distinct cellular structures was experimentally observed. Of note is that when the blockage ratio (BR) values in the range of 0.802-0.96, it was easier to detonate at the fuellean side. Finally, the critical condition for detonation propagation through an orifice plate was quantified as d/lambda > 1 where a is the detonation cell size. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.