International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.31, 16359-16367, 2019
First principles study on the oxygen reduction reaction of the La1-xSrxMnO3-delta coated Ba1-xSrxCo1-yFeyO3-delta cathode for solid oxide fuel cells
A core-shell structured composite cathode for solid oxide fuel cell with Ba1-xSrxCo1-yFeyO3-delta (BSCF) as core while La1-xSrxMnO3-delta (LSM) as shell (LSM@BSCF) has been designed to achieve dual optimization of high stability and electrochemical activity. The atomic structure, oxygen vacancy formation, oxygen adsorption and diffusion, and CO2 adsorption properties of the core-shell interface have been studied by the first principles method. The calculated binding energies and interface energies suggest that the combination of La/Sr-O plane of LSM (100) surface and the Co/Fe-O plane of BSCF (100) surface is the most favourable composite structure. The formation energy of oxygen vacancy in LSM is 1.73 eV, and 0.06 eV in BSCF, thus the oxygen vacancy is easier to be formed in BSCF, which results in better oxygen ion conductivity of BSCF than LSM. The oxygen diffusion barrier from LSM to BSCF at the interface is determined to be 0.66 eV, indicating an easy oxygen ionic transport between the interface. CO2 is hard to be adsorbed onto the LSM@BSCF surface. Thus, the introducing of LSM Shell can prevent the BSCF cathode from being poisoned by CO2. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.