International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.31, 16224-16233, 2019
Catalytic reforming of biomass primary tar from pyrolysis over waste steel slag based catalysts
Steel slag (SS) contains high amounts of metal oxides and could be applied as the catalyst or support material for the reforming of biomass derived tar. In this research, steel slag supported nickel catalysts were prepared by impregnation of a small amount of nickel (0-10 wt%) and calcination at 900 degrees C, and then tested for the catalytic reforming of biomass primary tar from pine sawdust pyrolysis. The steel slag after calcination was mainly composed of Fe2O3 and MgFe2O4, and granular NiO particles was formed and highly dispersed on the surface of nickel loaded steel slag which lead to a porous structure of the catalysts. The steel slag showed good activity on converting biomass primary tar into syngas, and its performance can be further enhanced by the loading of nickel. The yield of H-2 increased significantly with the increase of nickel loading amount, while excessive nickel loading resulted in the decrease in CO and CH4 yields and significant increase in CO2 yield. The presence of steam contributed to enhancing the tar steam reforming as well as reactions between steam and produced gases, while decrease the contact probability between the reactants and the active sites of catalysts, leading to a little decrease in tar conversion efficiency but significant increase in syngas yield. The iron and nickel oxides were reduced by the syngas (CO and H-2) from the biomass pyrolysis, and stable and porous structure was formed on the surface of the nickel loaded catalysts during tar reforming. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.