International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.33, 17742-17749, 2019
Effect of hydraulic retention time on the hydrogen production in a horizontal and vertical continuous stirred-tank reactor
Hydraulic retention time (HRT) is the main process parameter for biohydrogen production by anaerobic fermentation. This paper investigated the effect of the different HRT on the hydrogen production of the ethanol-type fermentation process in two kinds of CSTR reactors (horizontal continuous stirred-tank reactor and vertical continuous stirred-tank reactor) with molasses as a substrate. Two kinds of CSTR reactors operated with the organic loading rates (OLR) of 12kgCOD/m3.d under the initial HRT of the 8 h condition, and then OLR was adjusted as 6kgCOD/m3.d when the pH drops rapidly. The VCSTR and HCSTR have reached the stable ethanol-type fermentation process within 21 days and 24 days respectively. Among the five HRTs settled in the range of 2-8 h, the maximum hydrogen production rate of 3.7LH(2)/Ld and 5.1LH(2)/Ld were investigated respectively in the VCSTR and HCSTR. At that time the COD concentration and HRT were 8000 mg/L and 5 h for VCSTR, while 10000 mg/L and 4 h for HCSTR respectively. Through the analysis on the composition of the liquid fermentation product and biomass under the different HRT condition in the two kinds of CSTR, it can found that the ethanol-type fermentation process in the HCSTR is more stable than VCSTR due to enhancing biomass retention of HCSTR at the short HTR. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.