International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.43, No.9, 4797-4806, 2019
Highly efficient hydrolysis of magnetic milled powder from waste aluminum (Al) cans with low-concentrated alkaline solution for hydrogen generation
Currently, recycling waste aluminum materials are of significant importance for reducing environmental pollution and improving economic efficiency. In this paper, aluminum (Al) powder prepared from waste Al cans with magnetic grinding method was directly used in hydrolysis for hydrogen generation. The prepared waste Al cans powder was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS), and density analysis. The results showed that grinding time, NaOH concentration, and reaction temperature affected the hydrolysis rate and hydrogen yield markedly; 1 g of Al cans powder with grinding time of 40 minutes could produce 1296-mL hydrogen within 6 minutes under the optimal reaction conditions. The reaction kinetics study demonstrated that the hydrolysis of Al cans powder is kinetically controlled while hydrolysis of Al cans flakes is diffusively controlled. The hydrolysis mechanism was also predicted based on the experimental results and kinetic study. The generation of hydrogen from hydrolysis of waste Al cans powder with low-concentrated alkaline solution is a promising way to diminish environmental pollution and instrument corrosion.