International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.43, No.9, 3959-3980, 2019
The progression of silicon technology acting as substratum for the betterment of future photovoltaics
To solve energy crisis, generation of clean and renewable energy sources are highly recommended. It not only solve energy-related matters but also resolves environmental issues. A great number of renewable energy sources are present nowadays to resolve aforementioned issues, out of which photovoltaic modules is the preferable technology over others. Silicon is the native element to be used in photovoltaic module, due to its reasonable cost and band gap. The deciding parameters to harness solar energy to electricity rely upon solar irradiance and weather conditions. Here, we describe the rapid transformation of silicon as photovoltaic solar cell material that transfigured the photovoltaic industry. The photovoltaic industry initiated with monocrystalline silicon and multicrystalline silicon solar cell having conversion efficiency reached up to approximately 22.9% and 20.8%, respectively. The contemporary outburst for the trade of photovoltaic industry is due to the high manufacturing cost of silicon solar panels, which provided a chance for researchers to quest for advanced technology. It gave an opportunity for thin film solar cell to infiltrate in the market. This technology reduced the cost but on the expense of lower conversion efficiency.