Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.58, No.12, 7705-7714, 2019
Phase Identification of the Layered Perovskite CexSr2-xMnO4 and Application for Solar Thermochemical Water Splitting
Ruddlesden-Popper (layered perovskite) phases are attracting significant interest because of their unique potential for many applications requiring mixed ionic and electronic conductivity. Here we report a new, previously undiscovered layered perovskite of composition, CexSr2-xMnO4 (x = 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3). Furthermore, we demonstrate that this new system is suitable for solar thermochemical hydrogen production (STCH). Synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy are performed to characterize this new system. Density functional theory calculations of phase stability and oxygen vacancy formation energy (1.76, 2.24, and 2.66 eV/O atom, respectively with increasing Ce content) reinforce the potential of this phase for STCH application. Experimental hydrogen production results show that this materials system produces 2-3 times more hydrogen than the benchmark STCH oxide ceria at a reduction temperature of 1400 degrees C and an oxidation temperature of 1000 degrees C.