Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Vol.127, 17-21, 2019
Effects of triethylamine on the expression patterns of two G3PDHs and lipid accumulation in Dunaliella tertiolecta
Glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) is the important precursors for triacylglycerol synthesis, while glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) determines the formation of G3P. In this study, two GDPH genes, Dtgdp1 and Dtgdp2 were isolated and identified from Dunaliella tertiolecta. The full-length Dtgdp1 and Dtgdp2 CDS were 2016 bp and 2094 bp, which encoded two putative protein sequences of 671 and 697 amino acids with predicted molecular weights of 73.64 kDa and 76.73 kDa, respectively. DtGDP1 and DtGDP2 both had a close relationship with those of algal and higher plants. DtGDP1 shared two conserved superfamily (A1 and A2) and four signature motifs (IIV), and the DtGDP2 showed six signature domains (from motif I to VI) and DAO_C conserved family. Our previous work showed that the triethylamine intervention could greatly increase the triacylglycerol content (up to 80%) of D. tertiolecta. This study aims to investigate the effect of triethylamine on GPDH expression. Results showed that, when treated by triethylamine at 100 ppm and 150 ppm, the expression levels of Dtgdp1 and Dtgpd2 were increased to 5.121- and 56.964-fold compared with the control, respectively. Triethylamine seemed to enhance lipid metabolic flow by inducing the expressions of Dtgdp1 and DIgdp2 to increase the lipid content, which provides a new insight into the desired pathway of lipid synthesis in algae through genetic engineering.