Electrophoresis, Vol.40, No.14, 1812-1819, 2019
Rapid electrophoretic recovery of DNA from dried blood spots
Large-scale genetic screening of neonatal dried blood spots for episomal DNA has a great potential to lower patient mortality and morbidity through early diagnosis of primary immunodeficiencies. However, DNA extraction from the surface of dried blood spots remains one of the most time consuming, costly, and labor-intensive parts of DNA analysis. In the present study, we developed and optimized a rapid methodology using only 50 V and heat to extract episomal DNA from dried blood spots prepared from diagnostic cord blood samples. This electric field DNA extraction is the first methodology to use an electric field to extract episomal DNA from a dried blood spot. This 25-minute procedure has one of the lowest times for the extraction of episomal DNA found within the literature and this novel procedure not only negates the need for costly treatment and wash steps, but reduces the time of manual procedures by more than 30 min while retaining the 75-80% of the yield. Combined with real-time PCR, this novel method of electric field extraction not only provides an effective tool for the large scale genetic analysis of neonates, but a key step forward in the simplification and standardization of diagnostic testing.