Electrophoresis, Vol.40, No.16-17, 2186-2192, 2019
In situ fabrication of microporous organic network coated capillary column for high resolution gas chromatographic separation of hydrocarbons
Microporous organic networks (MONs) are a new class of porous materials synthesized via Sonogashira coupling reactions between organic building blocks. Here we report an in situ synthesis approach to fabricate MONs coated capillary column for high resolution GC separation of hydrocarbons. The McReynolds constant evaluation reveals the MONs coated capillary is a non-polar column. The MONs coated capillary column shows good resolution for GC separation of diverse important industrial hydrocarbons such as linear and branched alkanes, alkylbenzenes, pinene isomers, ethylbenzene and styrene, cyclohexane and benzene. The MONs coated capillary column gave a high column efficiency of 1542 plates per meter for hexane and good precision for replicate separations of the selected hydrocarbons with the RSDs of 0.2-0.3, 1.5-3.1, and 1.9-3.3% for retention time, peak height and peak area, respectively. The MONs coated capillary also offered better resolution than commercial Inert Cap-1 and Inert Cap-5 capillary columns for hexane and heptane isomers. These results reveal the potential of MONs as novel stationary phases in GC.