Electrochimica Acta, Vol.314, 212-218, 2019
Characterization of dynamic morphological changes of tin anode electrode during (de)lithiation processes using in operando synchrotron transmission X-ray microscopy
The morphological evolution of tin particles with different sizes during the first lithiation and delithiation processes has been visualized by an in operando synchrotron transmission X-ray microscope (TXM). The in operando lithium ion battery cell was operated at constant current condition during TXM imaging. Two-dimensional projection images with 40 nm resolution showing morphological evolution were obtained and analyzed. The analysis of relative area change shows that the morphology of tin particles with different sizes changed simultaneously. This phenomenon is mainly due to a negative feedback mechanism among tin particles in the battery electrode at a constant current operating condition. For irregular-shaped tin particles, the contour analysis shows that the regions with higher curvature started volume expansion first, and then the entire particle expanded almost homogeneously. This study provides insights for understanding the dynamic morphological change and the particle-particle interactions in high capacity lithium ion battery electrodes. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.