Electrochimica Acta, Vol.317, 146-154, 2019
1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EMI-BF4) as an ionic liquid-type electrolyte additive to enhance the low-temperature performance of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2/graphite batteries
A 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EMI-BF4) ionic liquid is introduced into an electrolyte as a functional additive to enhance the low-temperature performance of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 (NCM523)/graphite batteries. Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests show that EMI-BF4 can be oxidized in advance and produce low impedance solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) films on the electrode surfaces. Compared with the batteries without the EMI-BF4 additive, the capacity retention of the NCM523/graphite batteries with 1% EMI-BF4 additive is enhanced from 82.3% to 93.8% after 150 cycles at a low temperature of -10 degrees C. In addition, at -30 degrees C, the discharge capacity of the batteries with 1% EMI-BF4 additive is nearly doubled. And at the room temperature of 25 degrees C and after 400 cycles, the capacity retention also increases from 80.3% to 85.9%, and the coulomb efficiency remains at approximately 100%. These results demonstrate that EMI-BF4 used as a functional electrolyte additive has promising prospects for application to improve the low-temperature performance of NCM523-based lithium-ion batteries. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.