Combustion and Flame, Vol.205, 336-344, 2019
Temperature and water measurements in flames using 1064 nm Laser-Induced Grating Spectroscopy (LIGS)
Laser-Induced Grating Spectroscopy (LIGS) is applied to premixed CH4/air laminar flat flames under operating pressures of 1 to 6 bar. For the first time, temperature and water concentration have been acquired simultaneously in a reacting flow environment using LIGS. A 1064 nm pulsed laser is used as pump to generate a temporary stationary intensity grating in the probe volume. Water molecules in the flame products absorb the laser energy and generate a thermal grating if sufficiently high energies are delivered by the laser pulses, here more than 100 mJ per pulse. Such energies allow the electric field to polarize the dielectric medium, resulting in a detectable electrostrictive grating as well. This creates LIGS signals containing both the electrostrictive and the thermal contributions. The local speed of sound is derived from the oscillation frequency of LIGS signals, which can be accurately measured from the single shot power spectrum. Data show that the ratio between the electrostrictive and the thermal peak intensities is an indicator of the local water concentration. The measured values of speed of sound, temperature, and water concentration in the flames examined compare favorably with flame simulations with Chemkin, showing an estimated accuracy of 0.5 to 2.5% and a precision of 1.4-2%. These results confirm the potential for 1064 nm LIGS-based thermometry for high-precision temperature measurements of combustion processes. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Combustion Institute.