Chemie Ingenieur Technik, Vol.91, No.6, 843-855, 2019
Microkinetic Modeling of Nickel Oxidation in Solid Oxide Cells: Prediction of Safe Operating Conditions
Oxidation of the nickel electrode is a severe aging mechanism of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and solid oxide electrolyzer cells (SOEC). This work presents a modeling study of safe operating conditions with respect to nickel oxide formation. Microkinetic reaction mechanisms for thermochemical and electrochemical nickel oxidation are integrated into a 2D multiphase model of an anode-supported solid oxide cell. Local oxidation propensity can be separated into four regimes. Simulations show that the thermochemical pathway generally dominates the electrochemical pathway. As a consequence, as long as fuel utilization is low, cell operation considerably below electrochemical oxidation limit of 0.704V is possible without the risk of reoxidation.