Biotechnology Letters, Vol.41, No.6-7, 763-777, 2019
Development of a novel bacterial surface display system using truncated OmpT as an anchoring motif
ObjectivesAn efficient bacterial surface display system based on the anchoring motif derived from Escherichia coli (E. coli) outer membrane protease OmpT was developed in this study.ResultsReferring to the classical Lpp-OmpA (LOA) display system, the signal peptide and nine amino acids of mature Lpp were fused to the transmembrane domain comprising five -strands of truncated OmpT to generate a novel Lpp-OmpT (LOT) display system. The C-terminal fusion strategy was used to fuse a small peptide (His tag) and red fluorescent protein (mCherry) to the C-terminus of LOT. Cell surface exposure of His tag and mCherry were compared between the LOA and LOT display systems. E. coli expressing LOT-His tag adsorbed more Cu2+ than E. coli expressing LOA-His tag. E. coli expressing both LOT-mCherry-His tag and LOA-mCherry-His tag adhered to Cu2+ chelating sepharose beads, and adhered cells could be dissociated from the beads after excess Cu2+ treatment. More importantly, compared with the LOA system, a higher amount of LOT-mCherry-His tag hybrid protein was demonstrated to be localized at the outer membrane by both fluorescence spectrophotometric determination of cell fractions and cell-surface immunofluorescence assay.ConclusionsThese results suggest that genetically modified OmpT can be used as a potential anchoring motif to efficiently and stably display polypeptides and proteins, and that the LOT system could be used in a variety of biotechnological and industrial processes.