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Bioresource Technology, Vol.285, 2019
Sequential utilization of bamboo biomass through reductive catalytic fractionation of lignin
Reductive catalytic fractionation (RCF) has emerged as a new biorefinery paradigm for the fractionation and sequential utilization of entire components of biomass. Herein, we investigated the RCF of bamboo, a highly abundant herbaceous feedstock, in the presence of Pd/C catalyst. The lignin fraction in bamboo was preferentially depolymerized into well-defined low-molecular-weight phenols, with leaving carbohydrates pulp as a solid residue. In the soluble fraction, four major phenolic compounds, e.g., methyl coumarate/ferulate derived from hydroxycinnamic units and propanol guaiacol/syringol derived from beta-O-4 units, were generated up to 41.7 wt% yield based on original lignin content. In the insoluble fraction, the carbohydrates of bamboo were recovered with high retentions of cellulose (68%) and hemicellulose (49%), which upon treatment with enzyme gave glucose (90%) and xylose (85%). Overall, the three major components of bamboo could efficient to be fractionated and converted into useful platform chemicals on the basis of this study.