Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.512, No.2, 344-351, 2019
Ultraviolet-C (UVC) ray acts as a synchronizing cue for circadian rhythm control in murine fibroblast
Ultraviolet-C (UVC) electromagnetic radiation is the most damaging type of the UV radiation and causes many cellular and physiological responses. UVC has been using for sterilization and disinfection, and the risk of exposure to the UVC is increasing. Here, we determined the effect of the UVC on the cellular circadian clock system. UVC irradiation synchronized the biological clock system and induced time-dependent expression of clock genes including Clock, Cry1, and Per1. The rhythmic expression of clock genes is also followed by time-dependent mRNA degradation or non-canonical translation initiation of clock genes. Furthermore, we show a translocation of PERIOD1 (PER1) protein after UVC irradiation, which mediates the rhythmic feedback loop of clock genes. Our results suggest that UVC can synchronize the circadian clock system, and induces rhythmic expression of clock genes via time-dependent transcription, post-transcription, and post-translational modification. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.