Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.512, No.2, 218-223, 2019
Versatile Pt NCs-based chemotherapeutic agents significantly induce the apoptosis of cisplatin-resistant non-small cell lung cancer
Recently, the incidence of lung cancer is generally rising along with air pollution and smoking, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for nearly 85% among all lung cancer diagnoses. With the development of chemotherapy, the drug resistance rate of common platinum-based chemotherapeutic drugs (like cisplatin) is gradually increased, which seriously affects the chemotherapy efficiency and survival rate of patients. In this study, polyethylenimine caged platinum nanoclusters (PEI-caged Pt NCs) were proposed as a new chemotherapeutic agent to apply in the treatment of NSCLC, choosing the classical cisplatin-resistant A549/DDP cells and normal A549 cells as targets. It was found that our Pt NCs-based chemotherapeutic drugs showed its preferable therapeutic effect in cisplatin-resistant NSCLC through the results of confocal microscopic images, cell counting kit-8 test, cell apoptosis assay and western blot. Most importantly, in the cisplatin-resistance A549/DDP cells, this kind of agents could enter the nucleus obviously, and emerged a superior inhibitory and apoptotic effects than A549 via activating p53 protein and the related signaling pathways. Comparing with the traditional chemotherapy drugs, these Pt NCs-based chemotherapeutic agents exhibit great potential and advantages in the treatment and diagnosis of NSCLC regardless of the therapeutic effect or toxic side effects, especially the drug resistance. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.