Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.513, No.1, 159-165, 2019
The simultaneous downregulation of TRPM7 and MagT1 in human mesenchymal stem cells in vitro: Effects on growth and osteogenic differentiation
The magnesium transporters TRPM7 and MagT1 are overexpressed in osteoblastogenesis. We have shown that silencing either TRPM7 or MagT1 accelerates the osteogenic differentiation of human bone mesenchymal stem cells. Here we demonstrate that the simultaneous downregulation of TRPM7 and MagT1 inhibits cell growth and activates autophagy, which is required in the early phases of osteoblastogenesis. In TRPM7/MagT1 downregulating cells the expression of two transcription factors required for activating osteogenesis, i.e. RUNX2 and OSTERIX, is induced more than in the controls both in the presence and in the absence of osteogenic stimuli, while CODA1 is upregulated in co-silencing cells as much as in the controls. This explains why we found no differences in calcium deposition. We conclude that one of the two transporters should be expressed to accelerate osteogenic differentiation. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.