Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.513, No.3, 732-739, 2019
Intrauterine low-protein diet disturbs metanephric gene expression and induces urinary tract developmental abnormalities in mice
Intrauterine low-protein diet can affect kidney development and hence final nephron number. In this study, we reported that intrauterine low-protein diet can cause congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) phenotypes, which was dominated by the duplicated collecting system phenotype. At the same time, ectopic ureteric buds were increased under intrauterine low-protein diet and the number of UB branches was reduced in the serum-free culture. Intrauterine low-protein diet can change metanephric gene expression. Slit2/Robo2 and Spry1 expression levels were decreased, Ret expression was increased, and downstream p-Akt activity enhanced with apoptosis abnormal in ureteric bud tissue, which may be the mechanisms that intrauterine low-protein diet causes increased incidence of CAKUT in offspring. Thus, we showed correlation between intrauterine low-protein diet and CAKUT in offspring. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.