Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.513, No.3, 714-720, 2019
Pellino1 specifically binds to phospho-Thr18 of p53 and is recruited to sites of DNA damage
Pellino1 is an. E3 ubiquitin ligase that plays a key role in positive regulation of innate immunity signaling, specifically required for the production of interferon when induced by viral double-stranded RNA. We report the identification of the tumor suppressor protein, p53, as a binding partner of Pellino1. Their interaction has a K-d of 42 +/- 2 mu M and requires phosphorylation of Thr18 within p53 and association with the forkhead-associated (FHA) domain of Pellino1. We employed laser micro-irradiation and live cell microscopy to show that Pellino1 is recruited to newly occurring DNA damage sites, via its FHA domain. Mutation of a hitherto unidentified nuclear localization signal within the N-terminus of Pellino1 led to its exclusion from the nucleus. This study provides evidence that Pellino1 translocates to damaged DNA in the nucleus and has a functional role in p53 signaling and the DNA damage response. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.