Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.515, No.1, 149-155, 2019
Early taste buds are from Shh(+) epithelial cells of tongue primordium in distinction from mature taste bud cells which arise from surrounding tissue compartments
Mammalian taste buds emerge perinatally and most become mature 3-4 weeks after birth. Mature taste bud cells in rodents are known to be renewed by the surrounding K14(+) basal epithelial cells and potentially other progenitor source(s), but the dynamics between initially developed taste buds and surrounding tissue compartments are unclear. Using the K14-Cre and Dermo1-Cre mouse lines to trace epithelial and mesenchymal cell lineages, we found that early taste buds in E18.5 and newborn mouse tongues are not derived from either lineage. At E11.5 when the tongue primordia (i.e., lingual swellings) emerge, the relatively homogeneous sonic hedgehog-expressing (Shh(+)) epithelial cells express Keratin (K) 8, a marker that is widely used to label taste buds. Mapping lineage of E11.0 Shh(+) epithelium of the tongue rudiment with Shh-CreER(T2)/RFP mice demonstrated that both the early taste buds and the surrounding lingual epithelium are from the same population of progenitors Shh(+) epithelial cells of the tongue primordium. In combination with previous reports, we propose that Shh(+)K8(+) cells in the homogeneous epithelium of tongue primordium at early embryonic stages are programmed to become taste papilla and taste bud cells. Switching off Shh and K8 expression in the Shh(+) epithelial cells of the tongue primordium transforms the cells to non-gustatory cells surrounding papillae, including K14(+) basal epithelial cells which will eventually contribute to the cell renewal of mature taste buds. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.