Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.514, No.1, 180-186, 2019
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation alleviates dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis through enhancing the differentiation of goblet cells
Background: The intestinal inflammation induces disruption of the intestinal barrier function and leads to bacteria invasion. Accumulating evidences revealed that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) plays a vital role in maintaining the intestinal barrier function. However, the precise mechanism remains to be unclear. Methods: Adult C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into three groups: Sham, DSS and DSS + 6-formylindolo (3, 2-b) carbazole (FICZ)group. The colons and epithelial cell were harvested for histological examination, pro-inflammatory cytokines detection, bacterial load analysis, immunohistochemistry and Muc2 protein analysis. Under physiological condition, AhRKO model and FICZ treatment were used to evaluate the roles of AhR in the differentiation of goblet cells and the expression of Muc2 in mice. In vitro, we used HT29 mol to research the signaling pathway. Results: AhR activation by FICZ could increase the Muc2 expression and the number of goblet cells and reduce bacterial infiltration to ameliorate DSS-induced Colitis. Under physiological conditions, the treatment of FICZ promote the differentiation of goblet cell and the expression of Muc2 and inhibit the notch-signaling. Genetic deletion of AhR led to the loss of goblet cells and the decrease of Muc2 expression and enhance the notch-signaling. In HT29 cells, the differentiation of goblet cell meditated by AhR can be abolished by the inhibitor of AhR, pErk1/2 and knocking-down AhR. Conclusion: FICZ promoted the differentiation of goblet cell through AhR-pErk1/2 signaling pathway and ameliorate DSS-induced Colitis. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.