Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.514, No.2, 456-461, 2019
Negative feedback regulation of ErbB4 tyrosine kinase activity by ERK-mediated non-canonical phosphorylation
ErbB4 receptor tyrosine kinase has four different isoforms that are classified based on variants in the extracellular juxtamembrane domain (JM-a and JM-b) and the C-terminal region (CYT-1 and CYT-2). Here, we used the JM-b/CYT-1 isoform to investigate the roles of serine/threonine phosphorylation in MEK-ERK-dependent feedback inhibition. TPA as an activator of the ERK pathway markedly induced ErbB4 phosphorylation at Thr-674, the conserved common feedback site in the intracellular JM domain, which resulted in the downregulation of tyrosine autophosphorylation. We also identified Ser-1026 as an ErbB4-specific ERK target site in the CYT-1 region. Moreover, double mutations (Thr-674/Ser-1026 to Ala) significantly upregulated ErbB4 activation, indicating that Thr-674 and Ser-1026 are cooperatively involved in negative feedback regulation. Given the fact that ErbB4 mutation is one of the most common genetic alterations in melanoma cells, we demonstrated that a typical oncogenic ErbB4 mutant was resistant to the negative feedback regulation to maintain a highly active status of tyrosine kinase activity. Together, these findings indicate that feedback mechanisms are key switches determining oncogenic potentials of ErbB receptor kinases. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.