Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.514, No.2, 450-455, 2019
Regulation of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 silencing on myocardial fibrosis in mice with coronary atherosclerosis
To explore the regulation of PLA2G7 silencing on myocardial fibrosis in mice with coronary atherosclerosis, we established model of atherosclerosis using ApoE knockout mice, and set up a normal group. The successfully modeled mice were assigned into the following three groups: PLA2G7 silencing (shRNA) group, negative control (NC) group and blank group. Peripheral blood and myocardial tissue of each group of mice were harvested. The expressions of serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in mice were determine using Elisa, and the atherosclerosis index was calculated. The pathological changes of myocardial tissue were observed after HE staining. The collagen volume fraction in myocardium was determined with the use of Masson staining. The expression of PLA2G7 in myocardial tissue as well as myocardial fibrosis markers C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in each group were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. The area of thoracic aorta injury was detected after oil red 0 staining. Compared with the normal group, the levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-C were increased, HDL-C levels were decreased, and atherosclerosis index was increased in the PLA2G7 shRNA group, NC group and blank group (all P<0.05). The pathological state of myocardial tissue in the other three groups (except for the normal group) was obvious, but the PLA2G7 shRNA group showed certain improvement as compared with the blank group and the NC group (all P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, the PLA2G7 shRNA group had significantly decreased collagen volume fraction, myocardial fibrosis and area of thoracic aorta injury (all P<0.05). In conclusion, PLA2G7 silencing can improve the myocardial fibrosis in mice with coronary atherosclerosis, and PLA2G7 is expected to be a potential target for coronary atherosclerosis. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.