Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.514, No.4, 1257-1263, 2019
Effects of direct high sodium exposure at endothelial cell migration
The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that high sodium affects the migratory phenotype of endothelial cells (EC) and investigates mechanisms involved independently of hemodynamic factors. Cell migration was evaluated by Wound-Healing at conditions: High Sodium (HS; 160 mM) and Control (CT; 140 mM). O-2(-) production was evaluated by DHE. NADPH oxidase activity was determined by chemiluminescence assay. Expression of adhesion molecules was analyzed by RT-PCR. Shear Stress was performed using a rhythmic shake. Nitric oxide production was measured by Griess reaction. HS-induced impairment in EC migration while both Candesartan and DPI prevented it. HS increased NADPH oxidase activity, which was blocked by Candesartan. Also, HS increased O-2(-) production that was inhibited by Candesartan. HS decreased adhesion molecules expression via ROS (Integrin Alpha 5, Integrin Beta 1, Integrin Beta 3, VE-Cadherin and PECAM) and via AT1R (PECAM). The nitric oxide production induced by shear stress was decreased after EC exposure to HS while both Candesartan and DPI prevented it. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that HS reduced EC migration by AT1R and ROS derived from NADPH Oxidase and mitochondria. The HS reduction in adhesion molecules expression modulated by ROS and AT1R may help to explain the impairment in migration capacity. Also, HS affected EC functionality by reducing their nitric oxide production in response to shear stress. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.