Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.515, No.3, 403-409, 2019
CNOT2 facilitates dengue virus infection via negatively modulating IFN-Independent Non-Canonical JAK/STAT pathway
Dengue virus (DENV) infection is a public health problem worldwide. To establish infection in host cells, DENV require host cellular mechanism to suppress and evade innate immunity for their replication. In this study, Ccr4-Not complex genes were screened by using RNAi approach in DENV-infected A549 and Huh7 cells. We found that CNOT2 plays a proviral role in DENV infection. The expression level of CNOT2 was up-regulated in DENV-infected cells. Down-regulation of CNOT2 significantly reduced DENV RNA replication and protein synthesis. Mechanism study showed that CNOT2 knockdown enhanced JAK-STAT antiviral signaling during DENV infection. Further analysis revealed that CNOT2 negatively modulated IFN-Independent Non-Canonical JAK/STAT pathway by accelerating the mRNA decay of JAK1 and STAT1 via its interaction with CNOT6/6L and CNOT7/8 deadenylases. Overall, these results demonstrate that CNOT2 is a novel negative regulator of the JAK-STAT pathway and supports DENV infection. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.