Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.515, No.4, 524-530, 2019
Substance P improves MSC-mediated RPE regeneration by modulating PDGF-BB
Stem cells have regenerative potentials that can be used for the treatment of critical and incurable diseases. Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) and diabetic retinopathy are one of the most severe retinal disorders, which are mostly attributed to impairment of retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE). Thus, restoration of RPE is the main therapeutic approach to prevent the development of ocular diseases, such as ARMD. In this study, we have investigated the role of substance P (SP) on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-mediated RPE regeneration in vitro. The MSCs were primed with SP followed by the addition of conditioned medium (MSCSP-CM) to RPE. The effects of MSCSP-CM on RPE activity was evaluated by assessing viability, proliferation rate, and migration of RPE. Ex vivo long-term culture led to altered cellular characteristics of MSCs by weakening cell viability, cytokine secretion, and differentiation potential. The conditioned medium of early passage MSC (E-MSCCM) enhanced the RPE viability and migration, whereas the late passage MSC (L-MSCCM) hardly influenced the RPE activity. SP priming, however, facilitated the inductive effects of MSC, and SP effect was more distinct in the late passage than in the early passage. Moreover, it was revealed that SP could exert its effects by modulating PDGF-BB secretion in the MSCs. Taken together, these results suggested that SP could restore the therapeutic effects of MSCs on retinal diseases by elevating their proliferative and paracrine activities through PDGF-PDGFR signaling in ex vivo culture. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.