Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.516, No.1, 245-250, 2019
The cooperative induction of macrophage activation by fucoidan derived from Cladosiphon okamuranus and beta-glucan derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The present study investigated immune stimulatory effects of Cladosiphon okamuranus-derived fucoidan to activate murine macrophage-like cell line RAW264, and the functional relationship with zymosan, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae-derived beta-glucan. The production of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in RAW264 cells were remarkably enhanced in the presence of 10 mu g/mL fucoidan, and the stimulatory effects of fucoidan were maximally augmented in combinational treatment with 500 ng/mL zymosan, whereas any TLR ligands had no those effects. Confocal microscopic analyses suggested that fucoidan bound on plasma membrane, and it was estimated that some cell surface molecules acted as receptor for fucoidan because cytochalasin D, an inhibitor of phagocytosis, did not affect the immune enhancing activities, whereas methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (M beta CD), a general agent for disruption of lipid rafts, diminished that. Furthermore, it was revealed that the additive effects of zymosan on the immune activation with fucoidan was thought to be mediated by dectin-1 based on the results with dectin-1-knockdown RAW264 cells. All of results suggested that fucoidan and some kinds of beta-glucan would cooperatively reinforce the activity of innate immune cells via interactive receptor crosstalk. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.