화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.516, No.2, 565-570, 2019
Polyacrylic acid-coated nanoparticles loaded with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for the treatment of mice with ischemic stroke
Nanoparticle-based thrombolysis is a potential new treatment for stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of targeted thrombolysis using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA). The rtPA was covalently bound to magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) and maintained at the target site using an external magnet. Polyacrylic acid (PAA)-coated MNP were synthesized and rtPA was then bound to the resultant PAA-MNP via carbodiimide-mediated amide bonds. For the in vitro tests, blood clots were formed in plastic centrifuge tubes with anti-coagulated plasma, thrombin and calcium chloride. For the in vivo tests, mice with ferric chloride-induced distal middle cerebral artery occlusion were treated with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), MNP, rtPA, or MNP-rtPA (n = 6 mice per group). The binding efficacy was 80.7 +/- 1.5 mu g rtPA bound to 1 mg PAA-MNP. In the in vitro tests, the mean lysis percentage dramatically increased from 1.28% in the MNP group without rotation to 77.40% in the rtPA + MNP group with rotating magnetic field. The lysis efficiency of MNP-rtPA was 273 +/- 1.3%, and it increased to 42.8 +/- 2.8% with magnetic field rotation. The mean sizes of the infarct areas of the PBS, MNP, rtPA, and MNP-rtPA mouse groups were 20.09 +/- 6.07, 18.28 +/- 2.69, 8.65 +/- 3.63 and 4.40 +/- 2.46 mm(3), respectively. Thus, targeted MNP-rtPA accelerated thrombolysis and reduced the infarct area in a mouse model of cerebral embolism. This approach may serve as a feasible and effective treatment for embolic cerebral ischemia. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.