Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.516, No.2, 339-343, 2019
Temporomandibular joint disorders contribute to anxiety in Ba1B/C mice
Despite a high comorbidity between these two disorders, the physiological association between temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) and anxiety remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether TMDs contribute to anxiety through the induction of oligodendrogenesis in the hippo campus using a mouse model of TMD. Forty 8-week-old male BalB/C mice were used in the experiments. The mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: (1) control group (N group); (2) elevated occlusion group (E group); (3) restriction group (R group); and (4) elevated occlusion and restriction group (ER group). The mice were subjected to behavior tests of open field tests and elevated plus maze analysis. The serum corticosterone levels and expression of mature oligodendrocyte marker MBP and the oligodendrocyte marker RIP were analyzed. All data were statistically analyzed using by one-way analysis of variance. The TMD group showed condylar degeneration compared with the control group. Additionally, exposure to chronic restraint stress for 3 weeks after TMD significantly exacerbated anxiety-like behavior and resulted in a significant increase in serum corticosterone levels and in the expression of MBP and RIP in the dentate gyrus (DC) and CA3 in the hippocampus. Taken together, these data suggest that TMD lead to increased oligodendrogenesis in the hippocampus, which contributes to the development of anxiety-like behavior. TMD could contribute to anxiety by inducing oligodendrogenesis in the hippocampus. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc.