Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.516, No.3, 976-982, 2019
GPER stabilizes F-actin cytoskeleton and activates TAZ via PLC beta-PKC and Rho/ROCK-LIMK-Cofilin pathway
Actin is a highly abundant cytoskeletal protein that is essential for all eukaryotic cells and participates in many structural and functional roles. It has long been noted that estrogen affects cellular morphology. However, recent studies observed that both estrogen and tamoxifen induce a remarkable cytoskeletal remodeling independent of ER. In addition to ER, G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER, also known as GPR30) also binds to estrogen with high affinity and mediates intracellular estrogenic signaling. Here, we show that activation of GPER by its specific agonist G-1 induces re-organization of F-actin cytoskeleton. We further demonstrate that GPER acts through PLC beta-PKC and Rho/ROCK-LIMK-Cofilin pathway, which are upstream regulators of F-actin cytoskeleton assembly, thereby enhancing TAZ nuclear localization and activation. Furthermore, we find that LIMK1/2 is critical for GPER activation induced breast cancer cell migration. Together, our results suggest that GPER mediates G-1-inducedcytoskeleton assembly and GPER promotes breast cancer cell migration via PLC beta-PKC and Rho/ROCK-LIMK-Cofilin pathway. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.